Litigation

The People's Procuratorate of the People's Republic of China is the supervisory organ of law. In September 1954, the first NPC at its initial session adopted the first Constitution of China and the Organic Law of the People's Procuratorate.  Both provided for the establishment of a Supreme People's Procuratorate, local procuratorates at various levels and special procuratorates. Thereafter, the procuratorial institutions at both central and local levels were gradually established. Currently, the national procuratorate system includes:

  • The Supreme People's Procuratorate;
  • The local people's procuratorates includes those in the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government; the branch people's procuratorates set up in the cities, prefectures, autonomous prefectures, provincial capitals, and within the municipalities directly under the Central Government as well as procuratorates at the county, autonomous county, and urban districts levels;
  • Special People's Procuratorates include military and railway transport procuratorates.

Table 3. Statistical Table of the Institutions of Procuratorates as at the End of 1999

Unit: case

 

Category

Institution

Total

4,142

Supreme People's Procuratorates

1

Provincial People's Procuratorates

32

 

Branch

Procuratorates

Total

557

Branch Procuratorates (at City, Prefecture, Autonomous Prefecture levels)

531

Military Procuratorates

12

Railway Transport Procuratorates

14

 

County

Procuratorates

Total

3,376

Procuratorates at County, City, District, Banner levels

3,249

Military Procuratorates

61

Railway Transport Procuratorates

66

 

Delegated

Procuratorates

Total

176

Procuratorates in Industrial and Mine Districts

13

Procuratorates in Agricultural Reclaimed Regions

8

Procuratorates in Forest District

59

Procuratorates in Prisons, Detention Houses

78

Other Procuratorates

18

 

Table 4. Statistical Table of Offenders Approved for Arrest and Cases of Public Prosecution by the Procuratorates in 1999

Unit: case

 

Case Category

Approved and Arrested

Reviewed Prosecution

case

person

case

person

Total

448,798

663,518

464,785

672,367

Case filed by Authorities of Public Security, State Security and Prison

432,514

645,632

443,377

647,440

Endangering State Security

344

769

248

660

Endangering Public Security

28,160

32,517

34,178

37,861

Undermining the Socialist Market Economy

15,843

24,950

13,253

21,202

Infringing upon Citizen's Rights of the Person and  Democratic rights

107,472

136,243

110,197

136,703

Property Violation

226,214

360,716

231,303

364,604

Obstructing the Administration of public order

54,331

90,221

54,084

86,253

Impairing the Interests of National defense

134

189

101

142

Servicemen's transgression of duties

16

18

13

15

Self investigated prosecution

16,284

17,886

21,408

24,927

Embezzlement and Bribery

15,143

16,434

19,530

22,456

Dereliction of duty

11,471

1,452

1,878

2,471

Source: Procuratorial Yearbook of China: 2000

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